American Investors Have the Green Light to Buy Bitcoin Exchange-Traded Notes

American Investors Have the Green Light to Buy Bitcoin Exchange-Traded Notes

                                  

As of 15 August, US investors are able to buy Bitcoin exchange-traded notes (ETN) via online or offline intermediaries such as brokers or financial institutions.

Thomas Cohen, the co-founder of Fundstrat Global, shared with his Twitter followers on 15 August that Bitcoin Tracker One (CXBTF) is now available in US Dollars, bearing in mind that CoinShares’ product has long been accepted and regulated in Sweden. The news comes as a solution for investors interested in direct investment in Bitcoin (BTC) to enter the crypto market. “Everyone that’s investing in dollars can now get exposure to these products, whereas before, they were only available in euros or Swedish krona,” Ryan Radloff, CEO of CoinShares Holdings Ltd., told Bloomberg. “Given the current climate on the regulatory front in the US, this is a big win for Bitcoin.”

The product, known as Bitcoin Tracker One, was listed on the Nasdaq Stockholm exchange since 2015. The new service is considered to be a more efficient substitute for the so-called ETF or Exchange-Traded Fund that appears to be avoided by US regulatory bodies for several reasons that are powered by suspicions. We would like to remind you that the Bitcoin ETF proposal issued by billionaires Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss was rejected last month by US authorities while the decision for another similar project created by VanEck Associates Corp. and SolidX Partners Inc. was postponed until September.

Acquisition of Bitcoin Tracker One is done in the same way as for an American depositary receipt. Investors that buy F shares can be assured that transactions made in U.S. dollars are settled, compensated, and kept under the supervision of investors’ home market, reported OTC Markets Group. Compared to the ETF, the exchange-traded notes are debt instruments, which are assisted by their issuers, usually a financial institution, rather than “a pool of assets”, wrote Bloomberg. “I do see this as a competitive product,” claimed Radloff, CoinShares Holdings Ltd. CEO. “Our products historically have not traded at a premium and are liquid.

Article Produced By
Adriana M.

Adriana M. is a web content writer and editor at Brantell, Coindoo, and TheCCPress, who takes care that the articles you read are user-friendly and the subjects are among the most sought-after. She is passionate about discovering new things in the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry.

https://coindoo.com/american-investors-have-the-green-light-to-buy-bitcoin-exchange-traded-notes/

TP

The Main Industry Event -BlockchainLife 2019 -Was Successfully Held in Moscow

The Main Industry Event -BlockchainLife 2019 -Was Successfully Held in Moscow

On October 16-17, Expocentre hosted the 4th International Blockchain Life 2019

— a forum on Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, and Mining. More than 4800 participants attended one of the most important industry events in the world.Global industry leaders, entrepreneurs, investors, and startups from 70 countries came together to discuss the current trends and determine the industry’s development in the coming years. Hundreds of contracts between companies, investors and funds’ representatives were signed at the forum.

The headliner of the forum was the assistant to the Venezuelan president and director of the Venezuelan cryptocurrency department Joselit Ramirez. For the first time in the world, one of the founders of El Petro presented the first national cryptocurrency to the international community. Ramirez talked about how the cryptocurrency was created (from the bottom up: from the needs of the common people to the influence on macroeconomic processes) and about the wide range of opportunities for its application (purchase of equipment, medicine, real estate, and other goods and services in Venezuela).

Participants networked at the exhibition with an area of more than 3000 sq.m. The exhibitors were more than 100 companies: the world’s leading exchanges, manufacturers and suppliers of mining equipment and services, innovative startups and services. Sergei Khitrov (Listing.help) announced the creation of a new association IDEO (International Digital Economy Organization), the activity of which will be aimed at the development of digital technologies in Russia. In the coming years, the association will focus its efforts on the development of blockchain and cryptocurrencies and will present its proposals for the regulation of the industry.

One of the world’s largest crypto exchanges, Bitforex.com, has announced several listing contracts with promising projects for 2019. Kucoin announced the launch of Bitcoin futures, and Bitmain introduced the improved ASIC miners S17+ and T17+. Networking and agreements continued at the grandiose AfterParty in one of the Moscow clubs. The special guest of the evening was rapper Guf, who performed a live concert. The main organizer of Blockchain Life 2019 is the world-leading listing agency — Listing.help. The forum’s general sponsor is an international crypto-exchange BitForex.com. The 5th-anniversary forum Blockchain Life 2020 is on April 22-23, Moscow.

Article Produced By
Ionela C.

https://coindoo.com/the-main-industry-event-blockchainlife-2019-was-successfully-held-in-moscow/

TP

John McAfee’s Guide To Help You Get To Your Destination

John McAfee’s Guide To Help You Get To Your Destination

I personally find John McAfee a fascinating, genuine and humorous character who enjoys life and truly believes at this time in his life, his god-given mission is to do anything it takes to “wake people up”, as he puts it, to the tyranny of governments and miracles of technology – Blockchain and Cryptocurrency which will free the people from the shackles of centralized institutions. I came across a blog written by John McAfee with his attempt to guide you through the checkpoints of Central America. He posted it in 2012 and tweeted it today in the hope it may help anyone traveling to join the protestors in South America. He certainly is a character and I had to have a little chuckle to myself as I read through the following…

  

The McAfee Central America Travel Guide

As all of my close friends know, I have not always been a teetotalling, drug-fighting citizen.  Prior to 1983, I was a synthesis of a corporate manager and drug dealer.  The drug dealer eventually won out, and for a period of time, that was my only occupation.  Well ….. taking the drugs that I sold also became a principal occupation.  This is not a secret, I tell anyone who asks, even the press.   Not many in the press reported much about it until Josh Davis’ eBook came out.  I am not ashamed of my past.  Our collective pasts make us who we are.  In 1983 I joined Alcoholics Anonymous and gave up alcohol and drugs entirely.  My exceptions are coffee, which some classify as a drug, and, occasionally, cigarettes.  Not proud of the cigarettes, I know they are bad.

During my drug-dealing days I became adept at those talents required of a successful drug dealer: clandestine travel through the Third World countries that produce and transport the goods; dealing with corrupt officials; dealing with drug lords and drug traffickers; successfully passing checkpoints; bribery, and in emergencies, the methods of escape.

I am a firm believer that all experience can be a valid teacher if a person listens to experience with unclogged ears.  Since it is a Saturday and I’ve had a tiring week, I will take a break from the task at hand and use what little I have learned to assist travelers that might appreciate the rewards of traveling off the beaten path in third world countries. It should also assist anyone engaging in questionable activities.  If a person does not directly harm another, then I try not to judge.  You might call this McAfee’s Travel Guide:

In order to make the most of your travels, you need to first understand that, throughout much of the Third World, there is a smoothly functioning “system” in place that has evolved over centuries. From the First World perspective, it is a “corrupt” system, and indeed, at the higher levels there is no other word for it, and this blog’s purpose is to remove the brutality and horror of such high-level corruption.  

At the lower levels, however, the system contains an element of grace and humanity, and this lower lever is all that most people will ever encounter.  You might still call this lower level “corruption”, but that’s not a helpful word if you want to acquire the most effective attitude for dancing with it. I prefer “negotiable”. It focuses the mind on the true task at hand when dealing with officialdom and removes any unpleasant subconscious connotations. So if you can view the following tools and tips as negotiation guidelines it will help bring the necessary smile to your face when the situation requires one.

Press Credentials

The most powerful tool a traveler can possess is a Press card. It will allow you to completely bypass the “documentation” process if you have limited time or limited funds and don’t want to deal with it. I have dozens stashed in all my vehicles, in my wallet, in my pockets, in my boats.  You might ask since I claim to be an upstanding citizen, why I would need such deception.  It is because I am one of the few white men who chose to live part-time in the interior of the country.  I was one of only three white guys living in the district of Orange Walk, for example. I have cars and enjoy driving and I travel frequently.  Not a day went by without having to go through a “checkpoint” of some kind.

 

I am paranoid about being caught without one when I need one. They have magical properties if the correct incantations are spoken while producing them. A sample incantation at a police checkpoint (this will work in any Central American country):

(Spoken before the officer has a chance to say anything) – “Hi, I’m really glad to see you.” (produce the press card at this point). I’m doing a story on Police corruption in (fill in country name) and I would love to get a statement from an honest police officer for the story. It’s for a newspaper in the U.S. Would you be willing to go on record for the piece?” You can add or subtract magic words according to the situation. 

Don’t worry about having to actually interview the officer. No sane police person would talk to a reporter about perceived corruption while at the task of being perceived to be corrupt. He will politely decline and quickly wave you through. If you do find the rare idiot officer who wants to talk, ask a few pointed questions about his superiors and it will quickly awaken his sensibilities. He will send you on your way.

The press card is powerful but has risks and limitations. Do not attempt this magic, for example, at a Federale checkpoint in Mexico on a desolate road late at night. You will merely create additional, and unpleasant work for the person assigned to dig the hole where they intend to place you.
 

Documentation

Documentation is the polite word for “cash”.

 

The real art of producing documentation is the subtle play of how much to produce. In some countries, a policeman makes less than a dollar an hour. At a checkpoint, a policeman will usually share his proceeds with the other officers lounging by the side of the road and with the police Chief. The Chief will get about 25% in countries like Colombia and Panama, so if there are three officers total, then a ten-dollar contribution will end up with about $2.50 in each person’s pocket – a good take for someone making about a dollar an hour in legitimate salary.

Nothing irks locals more than someone who produces documentation in excess of what is expected. It ruins the system for the rest of the population. The Police begin to expect more from everyone, and the populace is then burdened beyond any sense of reasonableness. I might mention that checkpoints for any given location in most countries are set up no more than once a week, and frequent travelers reach accommodations with the authorities so that they are not unnecessarily burdened to the point that they are single-handedly putting the policeman’s children through school. The police are, by and large, honest people with hearts, and few truly abuse the system.

So to give more than is reasonable is a crime against humanity. The following are some hard and fast formulas that I have learned from trial and error over the years:

Documentation is inversely proportional to traffic density – the higher the traffic, the less you pay, the lower the traffic the more you pay. This is simple economics: The police must make their personal quota from whatever traffic there is.

If you stop at a checkpoint and there are four or five cars in line, you can be assured that less than a couple of dollars will be expected from a Gringo. Smart folks carry a half dozen cold cokes and beers in a cooler in the backseat and simply reach around, grab one or the other and hand it out the window with a smile. In the late afternoon on a hot day, this will be received with far more appreciation than a few small coins. If you hand a cold drink to all of the officers, you could easily talk them into giving you a protective escort to the next town.

In low traffic areas, in addition to having to pay more, you will also entail more risk. It’s never good to travel lonely roads in Central America unless you are very experienced or closely wired into the authorities. However, if you’ve come down to do a dope score or are determined to visit sweet Crucita in some remote village and have no other choice, then strictly adhere to the following:

Do not get out of the car, even if ordered to do so. Your car is your only avenue of escape. It’s a ton or more of steel capable of doing serious harm to anyone foolish enough to stand in front of it, and once underway is difficult to stop. The checkpoint police in Central America never chase anyone down, in spite of years of watching U.S. Television and action movies. It’s too much work, plus they could have an accident. It’s not worth it for an unknown quantity. And they won’t shoot unless you’ve run over one of them while driving off. It makes noise and wastes a Round that they must account for when they return to the station – creating potential problems with the higher-ups. Not that I recommend running. It’s just that outside of the car you have lost the only advantage you have.

Smile and, if possible, joke. Say something like: “I’d like to stay and chat but I’m in a hurry to meet a girl. Her husband will be back soon.” This will go a long way toward creating a shared communion with the officers and will elicit a shared-experience type of sympathy.
Don’t wait for them to talk. Take the initiative. Have your documentation ready as you pull up and simply present it to the nice policeman while beginning your patter similar to the above, or whatever patter is comfortable for you. Never hand cash directly. Slip it in inside your insurance papers, or some other paperwork relating to your car or your journey, with about an inch of the banknote discretely sticking out. I use a Cannon Ixus 530 setup manual with the front and back cover removed. It’s small, light, and looks like it could be important paperwork for almost anything.

Remember: 50% of the police who stop you in some countries can’t read. This is a powerful piece of information for the wise.

Once the officer has removed the banknote, which will be immediate, reach out and retrieve your laptop manual (or whatever you choose to use), smile, wave and drive off immediately without asking permission, but slowly, without looking back. Doing the job and leaving quickly without appearing to hurry off is the key here. Don’t give them enough time to assess you.
The above is a failsafe formula for back roads of Central America if adhered to explicitly. Expect to part with at least 20 bucks. If, on approaching the checkpoint, you judge the police body language to be insolent or agitated, change the twenty for a fifty.

If something goes awry and the above, for some reason, has not worked, then pretend stupidity. Ask them to repeat everything they say and act bewildered. If ordered to get out of the car, smile broadly and simply drive off. Again – slowly.

If drugs or other contraband are planted in your vehicle by one of the police while another has your attention (a very common occurrence), understand, above all, that there is a zero probability that you will be arrested, unless you add to the “offense” by pissing someone off or otherwise acting unwisely. The intent is to scare. Under no circumstances deny that it is yours. Say something like “Damn, I thought I left that at home”, or “That’s the second time I’ve been caught this week.” This will show them that you are a good-natured player and will probably negotiate. Denying ownership of the contraband will be seen as confrontational – an attitude that brings high risk when dealing with Third World authorities. The “documentation”, however, need not be much. 

They have chosen an approach to make a living that is universally considered by the locals as “not fair play”, and they should not be unjustly rewarded for it. Sure, they did go to the effort of distracting you, and someone had to go to the trouble to plant the dope, so they deserve something, but $5 is the maximum you need to pay. If they ask for more, then you can safely become indignant. They will shut up. The locals won’t tolerate police that takes too much unfair advantage of the system, and your obvious awareness of the correct protocols will alert them to potential trouble if they push things.

If you actually are carrying contraband, of any kind – drugs, guns, Taiwanese sex slaves – whatever, and are caught, then the actions that you take within the first few seconds of discovery will have a profound impact on the rest of your life. The reality is: You have been caught. The officers have options:

1. Arrest you and charge you, where you are likely to confess to other people about exactly what you were carrying and how much – thereby limiting the policemen’s ability to make off with much of the cache. Or:

2. Come to some arrangement with you that is mutually beneficial and that does not include your demise or create any undue risks to the officers’ jobs or safety.
Option 2 is obviously preferable. To anyone not fond of prisons, that is.

Your first order of business is to assess your situation. If you are in a town or even near one with reasonable traffic driving by, then the chances of your demise, or incurring harm to yourself, are virtually nil if you keep your wits about you. If you are on a lonely country road, and there is only one officer, or even two, your risks could be high, so you will be handicapped in your negotiations.

On your side, you have the option to go to jail and tell your story to lots of people, which generally restricts the officers’ abilities to make money on the encounter. The higher-ups will take it. On their side, they have guns and threats. Ignore the threats. You are fully cognizant of the fact that their sincere hope is that some accommodation can be reached that enriches their pockets and allows you to leave the area without compromising them.

So — first things first. Smile. There is no circumstance under which a smile will handicap you when dealing with authorities.

Be friendly in your speech and immediately and fully acknowledge your situation, and theirs. This puts them at ease and sets the framework for negotiation. Be polite but firm. Let them know that they will not be able to walk off with your entire stash, and do this early on. It creates more reasonable expectations in their minds. If your contraband is drugs, offer them a small hit while talking. It re-enforces, subconsciously, the idea that the dope is your possession and that they are partaking due entirely to your goodwill. If you are transporting sex slaves, then I must say first that I cannot possibly condone your chosen occupation, but offering each one of the policemen a taste of the goods may well seal the deal without any additional cash thrown in.

It’s important to be firm without any semblance of hostility. If the policemen tell you, for example, that they are going to confiscate all of the goods, then, with an apologetic manner that implies an unfortunate certainty, say “I’m sorry, but that won’t be possible”. Shake your head sadly as if you had divulged: “My mom just died”. And this is the point to present them with an absurdly low offer. If you are carrying 20 keys of cocaine or a half-ton of marijuana, then offer them $50. Alternatively, you could offer them a one-ounce bag of the weed or a gram or so of the coke. If it’s sex slaves, tell them they can look at the bare breasts of one of the least attractive women (in parts of Southern Mexico, this might actually be sufficient).

They will be taken aback at your offer, but it will place any unreasonable expectations they may have in a stark perspective. As a rule of thumb, if you are near a populated place, you will ultimately settle by parting with an amount of cash equal to about 10% of the wholesale value of the goods. On a road with infrequent and unpredictable traffic, maybe 20%. If you are on a desolate road, especially if the body language is not comforting, you may have to bite the bullet, give them the entire wad, plus your car, and ask for a ride to the bus station. Don’t expect the police to accept the drugs or contraband as payment if you are near a populated area. They would obviously be seen transferring the goods to their vehicles. If you are not carrying sufficient cash, then you are unprepared, and shouldn’t be doing shady deals in Central America.

Never display fear or hostility. Smile throughout, and crack what jokes you can.

Name Dropping

Knowing the name of the country’s Police Commissioner and Armed Forces Chief, and the Chief of Police for each county or town you will be driving through can be very helpful. Knowing all the mayor’s names will not hurt any either. Name-dropping is a powerful tool in the Third World, especially for gringos, if used appropriately. Telling a cop in America that you are friends with the mayor or the police chief will seldom help you avoid a traffic ticket, and may even increase the charges. 

In Belize, offending the Police Commissioner will immediately get a policeman fired, with no repercussions to the Commissioner, and, depending on the offense, may even get the officer “erased”. So it gives an officer serious pause when you say: “The drugs belong to Commissioner (insert name). I am delivering them to a friend for him”. 

If spoken with authority and condescension, they can have a dramatic effect. No policeman in his right mind would try to validate the story. Resident Gringos, for odd reasons, are prized as friends by wealthy and prominent locals, so it would not be out of the question to be close with the Country’s Police Commissioner. If the cop asks any specifics, like, how you know the Commissioner, pull out your cell phone and say: “I have the commissioner’s number, why don’t we call him and you can ask him yourself.” You need to have solid self-assurance, or at least some large cojones, to pull this off, but in a tough situation, this can work miracles.

A small amount of research is necessary before using this approach. You need to know, for example, whether the police commissioner is really dealing drugs (almost all are). Every local inhabitant in the country will know this information (there are no secrets in the Third World). The policeman will certainly know.

You don’t have to be doing something illegal in order to use the name-dropping approach. When a friend of mine first moved to Belize, two policemen stopped him late in the evening while he was driving a golf cart across the bridge to San Pedro’s North Island. Before he could provide the proper “documentation” for a bridge checkpoint, one officer harshly demanded his drivers’ license, which he provided and then shut up. The officer’s attitude was not in harmony with a normal checkpoint situation. While he stared at my friend’s license, the other dropped a bag of weed on the back floor of the cart. (he didn’t smoke weed by the way.) When the first officer “discovered” the bag my friend said: “I hope you won’t tell the Commissioner about this. He’s a very close friend of mine and I wouldn’t want him to think anything bad about me.” The first officer divulged that they were only joking by planting the weed. He apologized and waved my friend through.

Generally, the tactic of planting drugs on people is only practiced in heavily trafficked tourist areas. The police in tourist areas are handicapped because tourists generally don’t “pay their due” to the police, or to any other functionary. Tourists consider it “corrupt” to have to pay policemen to do their jobs or to pay them in order to have the freedom to drive down the street on checkpoint day. The police, therefore, are forced to resort to unethical means in order to make a living in these places. I understand this well, yet some character flaw in myself won’t allow me to reward someone who plants drugs on me. My friend feels the same.

Gifts

Gifts occupy different strata in the system of negotiation. They are used when some future consideration is required, or after an official favor has been provided. Gifts can be small or large, depending on the circumstances and the wise person will have an ample supply ready for any event. I operate seven small businesses in Belize.  When I first opened them I refused to acquiesce to my business manager’s advice about gifts. I naively assumed I could skate by without them.  I was wrong, I finally allowed the guy to stock up on resources so that he could do the job I was paying him to do:

Now… to be fair to the authorities ….. I have no way of knowing whether these “gifts” were actually given to the authorities.  For all I know the business manager that I hired started his own retail outlet somewhere and is still living off of the proceeds. It’s difficult under certain circumstances to get at the facts.

Favors, likewise, are part of the system. They have no negative connotation, and they require gifts whose magnitude reflects the magnitude of the favor.

One common “favor” that is considered questionable is to gift an officer in the armed forces to provide armed support for a drug deal, a revenge raid, an armored car heist, or any similar function. It’s a very common occurrence but it’s deemed to be morally sketchy by most of the populace. The reason for this, I believe, is the sense of unease created by the image of highly organized, insolent, largely illiterate men with fully automatic weapons catering to the whims of anyone with spare change. 

The general consensus is that the system of “negotiation” should stop at the gates of the military. The military should uphold the system, not practice it, as my friend and philosopher Paz once said. This is no more illogical than policemen as “officers of the peace”. The fact that SWAT teams exist and every policeman carries a gun and is trained in violent tactics, should alert us to the fact that practicing peace is not the means of choice for maintaining peace.

Written and Posted by John McAfee, November 24, 2012

 

ecosystem for entrepreneurs

 

Deb Williams 

A Crypto/Blockchain enthusiast and a strong advocate for technology, progress, and freedom of speech. I embrace "change" with a passion and my purpose in life is to help people understand, accept and move forward with enthusiasm to achieve their goals. 

 

 

 

 

 

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Heartbreaking Images That Show the Impact of Plastic on Animals in the Oceans

Heartbreaking Images That Show the Impact of Plastic on Animals in the Oceans

Every year, humanity produces around 300 million tons of plastic, with about eight million tons of the material entering the world's oceans—according to the United Nations Environmental Program.

This flow of debris severely impacts the ocean environment and marine life. Plastic pieces are frequently ingested by a wide range of animals—either directly, by mistaking it for food, or indirectly through the consumption of prey.

"Plastic pollution disrupts the normal behavior of animals, and the normal functions of ecosystems," Elizabeth Mendenhall, from the University of Rhode Island's Department of Marine Affairs, told Newsweek.

Plastic animals

NOAA divers release seal from marine debris entanglement. Entanglement in derelict fishing gear can lead to injury or death in marine organisms. NOAA

"We have known about problems like ingestion and entanglement [in nets or lines] for many decades. These types of interaction with plastic can kill animals by strangling or suffocating them, or causing them to starve, but encounters with plastic can also have impacts short of death, like pain, lower survival rates, and loss of reproductive viability," she said.

Seabirds are especially vulnerable, as are filter feeders like many whales and creatures like sea turtles. According to the Center for Biological Diversity, hundreds of thousands of seabirds ingest plastic every year.

Plastic beach

Seagulls search for food near a sewage discharge area next to piles of plastic bottles and gallons washed away by the water on the seaside of Ouzai, south of Beirut on July 19, 2018. JOSEPH EID/AFP/Getty Images

"If the plastic item does not cause asphyxiation, the lack of the digestive system to break it down can cause the animal to starve as it loses the desire to feed," Charles Rolsky from Arizona State University told Newsweek. "For species such as sea turtles and whales, plastic items can share morphological similarities with prey species such as jellyfish, and the smell of plastic in the water has even been known to induce foraging behaviors in fish."

One study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences indicated that 60 percent of 135 species reported in the scientific literature between 1962 and 2012 had ingested plastic at some point, and on average, 29 percent of these were found to have plastic in their guts. Furthermore, the researchers predicted that by 2050, 99 percent of all seabird species will be ingesting plastic.

Plastic animals

Marine debris can entangle and harm marine organisms. For air-breathing organisms, such as the green sea turtle, entanglement in debris can prevent animals from being able to swim to the surface, causing them to drown. NOAA

Another study published in the journal Scientific Reports, found that an estimated half of all sea turtles around the world have ingested plastic.

But aside from its impact on individual animals, plastic can also have more widespread effects on ecosystems.

"Plastic debris can harm coral reefs by smothering and rubbing against corals, which weaken the immune responses of corals by over-taxing them. Plastic can also be a vector for disease among corals," Mendenhall said.

Previous research has also shown that plastic can transport invasive species across oceans. Meanwhile, plastic ingestion on a large scale could impact nutrient flows within the ocean—"for example, feces with plastic in it may be more likely to float, thereby preventing the flow of nutrients deeper," she said.

Plastic animals

A young monk seal on Laysan Island holds a plastic fragment in his mouth. Matthew Chauvin/The Ocean Cleanup

One of the major concerns surrounding plastic in the ocean is that it can absorb toxic substances from the water—such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Because larger marine predators will eat many smaller creatures—all of which have consumed plastics—these substances can accumulate as you move up the food chain, leading to higher concentrations in larger animals—including humans, Richard Alan Gross, from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, told Newsweek.

"Furthermore, the contamination of the food chain with plastic and associated contaminants puts fish and shellfish stocks, and their prey, at risk of lethal and sub-lethal harm that can result in a decrease in their reproductive success and growth, leading to reductions in their populations," he said.

Plastic animals

In this handout provided by SeaWorld San Diego, senior aquarist Tony Paulicano and veterinary technician Jennifer Rego treat a sick Olive Ridley sea turtle at the marine-life park's animal care center January 12, 2012 in San Diego, California. Mike Aguilera/SeaWorld San Diego via Getty Images

The plastics themselves can also potentially release substances called plastisizers after ingestion, according to Rolsky. These chemical additives—many of which have been linked to cancer in animals—are used in the production of plastics.

We know that smaller marine creatures, such as plankton and mussels, often consume tiny fragments of plastic—known as microplastics—which are almost undetectable, measuring less than 5 millimeters across (according to the most recognized definition.)

Plastic animals

A starfish covered with plastic pearls up on shore on Schiermonnikoog Island following the loss by the container ship MSC Zoe of 270 containers on January 5, 2019 near Lauwersoog, Netherlands. Plastic toys, shoes and wide screen televisions, as well as sacks of a poisonous chemical, are among items that have landed on Dutch beaches following the accident by the ship in a heavy storm. David Hecker/Getty Images

However, more research is needed to understand the impact of consuming microplastics on the behavior and physiology of marine animals, as well as the potential health risks further up the food chain for humans who eat seafood. Nevertheless, our lack of knowledge in this area should not imply that these substances are not harmful to humans.

"If marine organisms are consuming plastics, supporting dangerous levels of contaminants, then it is fair to say that the plastics are a threat to human health as well," Rolsky said. "Plastic fibers have been found in bivalves, such as oysters, which were designated for human consumption.

"Seafood consumption, in which the stomach is also eaten, remains a top threat—but it is entirely possible for the tissues of marine organisms to contain contaminants transported there via plastic ingestion. Long-lived species with thick layers of fat, such as turtles, can contain dangerous levels of lipid-soluble contaminants."

Plastic animals

A bird surrounded by ocean plastic on the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Matthew Chauvin/The Ocean Cleanup

Rolf Halden, a colleague of Rolsky's at Arizona State, also noted that microplastics may pose other health risks.

"An unexplored aspect of microplastics is that we know that foreign, non-biodegradable objects in the human body lead to inflammation," he told Newsweek. "Inflammation is a pre-cursor of cancer. Autopsies have shown the presence of plastic particulate in cancer victims. This does not imply that the plastics caused the cancer, but it behooves us to study the impact of now unavoidable plastic pollution on both our physiology and life expectancy. Research in this area is still in its infancy."

Plastic animals

Marine debris affects more than just air-breathing marine organisms. Derelict fishing gear left in the environment can entangle and kill commercially important marine organisms, through a process known as "ghost-fishing."

There are two main sources of microplastics. Primary microplastics are those which are smaller than 5 millimeters in size when they are manufactured. These can take the form of nurdles—small pellets of raw plastic resin which form the basis of nearly all the plastic items in our lives—microfibers in clothes and microbeads used in cosmetic products.

Secondary microplastics, on the other hand, occur as larger pieces of plastic degrade in the environment—due to the effects of sunlight and physical abrasion—fragmenting into progressively smaller pieces.

Microplastics are pervasive in the marine environment. While they are hard to track due to their tiny size, one 2015 study published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, suggested that the accumulated number of microplastic particles in the ocean could be anywhere between 15 and 15 trillion.

Plastic animals

A deceased Laysan Albatross lies on the ground in Midway Atoll, with an exposed stomach filled with debris it consumed around its coastal habitat. Marine animals cannot digest debris and often die due starvation. NOAA

The majority of plastic waste and microplastics in the oceans—around 80 percent—originates from land, where it is discharged into the sea via rivers. A big part of the problem is inadequate waste management, according to Gross.

"For example, litter due to unavailable waste collection gets washed down drains on streets entering rivers that carry these plastic debris to sea," he said. "Other entry routes include illegal dumping directly into or nearby waterways, blowing off landfill sites, accidental and inevitable discharges of plastics during activities such as construction, manufacturing, farming, washing our clothes and via waste-water treatment plants."

The other 20 percent of plastic debris enters marine ecosystems via nautical activities, including recreational pursuits—for example, motor boats, sailing, plastics left on beaches—fishing and aqua-farming.

Plastic animals

Sea turtle entangled in fishing line. Sea Turtle Inc./NOAA

"Although much of the plastic in the ocean comes from Southeast Asia, developed countries like the U.S. and EU members export much of our trash and 'recyclables' to these countries, and many of the products are produced by multinational corporations, so it is difficult—and maybe pointless—to assign blame," Mendenhall said.

We don't know much about what proportions of plastic are found on the sea surface (or near-surface,) in beach sediments and on the seafloor. However, what is clear is that plastic waste can be transported far and wide by currents and weather patterns, making its way to even the most remote locations on the planet, such as the bottom of the ocean and the Arctic circle. Plastic also accumulates in the Earth's major ocean gyres—huge systems of rotating ocean currents.

One of the five main subtropical gyres is now so heavily polluted it has been named the Great Pacific Garbage Patch—a vast region of plastic debris located between Hawaii and California. Some estimates suggest it could be twice as big as France, or perhaps even larger. However, its size is difficult to measure, partly because much of it is thought to be made up of microplastics.

Plastic animals

This picture taken on November 19, 2018 shows a dead sperm whale that washed ashore that had nearly six kilograms (13.2 pounds) of plastic waste in its stomach, in Wakatobi National Park in Sulawesi province. The 31-foot whale was found to have ingested 115 plastic cups, four plastic bottles, 25 plastic bags, a nylon sack, two flip-flops and more than 1,000 other assorted pieces of plastic. LA ODE M. SALEH HANAN/AFP/Getty Images

Aside from the environmental concerns, plastic waste in the ocean also has significant economic implications. It is thought that plastic pollution costs the global economy millions every year when factoring in the cost of beach clean-ups, tourism losses and damages to fishing and aquaculture industries.

"The seafood industry is a $12 billion market worldwide, many countries and communities rely solely on the export of seafood," Rolsky said. "The fact that plastic pollution threatens the integrity of such a large market represents a major economic threat, on top of the threat human health."

With global plastic production predicted to quadruple by 2050, the amount of waste in the oceans is only expected to rise. So what can be done to tackle the plastic crisis?

Plastic beach

Plastic wastes fill a beach on April 18, 2018 in Manila, Philippines. The Philippines has been ranked third on the list of the world's top-five plastic polluter into the ocean, after China and Indonesia, while reports show that almost half of the global plastic garbage come from developing countries, including Vietnam and Thailand. Jes Aznar/Getty Images

"Government regulation is needed, and in my opinion, the only solution that will work," Mendenhall said. "Current international agreements are insufficient because they are unenforced—the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which 168 countries have ratified, has a rule that members must take the actions necessary to 'prevent, reduce, and control pollution of the marine environment from land-based sources'—but this rule is being inconsistently and insufficiently followed. The plastics industry benefits from disposability, planned obsolescence, and other product characteristics that keep customers buying."

She continued: "Consumers do drive the choices made by producers, but only to an extent. It is currently impossible to shop at a typical American grocery store without buying a lot of disposable plastic, even if you wanted to. It is my opinion that government regulations with regard to product design are a critical part of the solution. But to avoid the plastics industry simply shifting their more harmful product lines to other world markets, these regulations need to serve as an international model for other countries."

Plastic animals

Entangled hawksbill sea turtle in Hawaii. NOAA

Rolsky recommends tackling single-use plastics—especially those intended for packaging—which he says are a major contributor to the plastic pollution epidemic.

"The amount of these and other plastics we are creating seems to increase year after year," he said. "We have also become less efficient at recycling plastics, it is even estimated that we have only recycled 9 percent of all the plastic ever produced. Often times recycled plastics are turned into items of lesser value—i.e. plastic water bottle into plastic fibers—so they are actually downcycled instead of recycled.

Plastic animals

Marine debris throughout the ocean puts endangered species like this Hawaiian monk seal at risk. NOAA

"The rest of the plastics are either incinerated (12 percent) or sent to a landfill (79 percent.) The landfill is not the end all be all as studies have also shown landfills to leach both macro- and microplastics into the surrounding environment," he said. "The combination of these make it integral that we transition away from plastic when possible—especially single-use—for the benefit of ecosystems and human health."

Halden added: "Given the knowledge we have, we have to change our emotional reaction to plastics, particularly packaging plastics. They are not materials of convenience and necessity, they are failed materials that we should ban from our life and from mass production in order to improve both ecological and human health."

TP

Going Overboard? Shipping Rules Seen Shifting Pollution From Air to Sea

FILE - A cargo ship is seen through air pollution along the Chao Phraya river in Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 11, 2019.

LONDON – New global rules forcing ships to reduce air pollution by using cleaner fuels will see more sulphur and nitrates dumped into the oceans, analysts and civil society leaders say.

From January 2020, the United Nations International Maritime Organization (IMO) will ban ships from using fuels with a sulphur content above 0.5%, compared with 3.5% now.

The rules herald the biggest leap in how ships are powered since they switched from burning coal to oil over a century ago, but vessels will still be allowed to use higher-sulphur fuel if fitted with cleaning devices called scrubbers.

Closed-loop scrubbers keep most of the water used for sulphur removal onboard for disposal at port. Open-loop systems, however, remove sulphur coming through a ship’s smokestack with water that can then be pumped overboard.

“Were open-looped scrubbers ever a really good idea?” Bill Hemmings of the Clean Shipping Coalition told industry figures at the IMO’s headquarters in London.

Such systems could provide a cautionary tale on half-measures to tackle emissions, he said.

“Maybe in hindsight, we need to ask whether we would do things the same way and whether there are any lessons to be learned for climate change.”

BLIND SPOT

Years of studies have examined whether open-loop scrubbers introduce into waterways acidic sulphur harmful to marine life, cancer-causing hydrocarbons, nitrates leading to algal blooms and metals that impair organ function and cause birth defects.

The results have largely been inconclusive and the IMO itself has encouraged further study into the environmental impact of scrubbers.

“It’s a bit of a blind spot, and the optics of it are not great,” Alan Gelder, vice president of refining at consultancy Wood Mackenzie, told Reuters.

“Though some studies suggest the impact of open-loop scrubbing is going to be very small given the great volume of seas, which already contain many sulphates, what it’s doing is solving air pollution by producing a marine pollutant instead.”

Speaking at the IMO’s gathering, Tristan Smith of University College London said scientific research had found environmental damage in open oceans would likely be minimal.

“In areas such as the heavily populated Baltic Sea, which are more delicate and brackish, the impact would be more pronounced on marine life.”

ALLEVIATING MASS DEATH

The stated aim of the new measures is to improve human health, and in that regard they should have a significant impact. Combating greenhouse gases or pollution is not their goal, per se.

A study in the journal Nature last year found ship emissions with current sulphur levels caused about 400,000 premature deaths from lung cancer and cardiovascular disease as well as around 14 million childhood asthma cases every year.

Post-2020, those numbers are set to fall to about 250,000 and 6.4 million, respectively.

Singapore and Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates have banned the use of open-loop scrubbers from the start of next year. China is also set to extend a ban on scrubber discharge to more coastal regions.

Worldwide compliance with the rules is expected to be almost 100%, and the change has rapt the oil, shipping and refining industries, which have invested billions of dollars in the switchover.

Scepticism lingers among some, however.

“There are all these huge changes,” one senior oil trader said. “But in the end you can still buy a piece of kit that just dumps it in the water.”

TP

FunFair Technologies launches pioneering wallet solution across partner brands

FunFair Technologies launches pioneering wallet solution across partner brands

                                  

CasinoFair and CryptoCasino to benefit from ‘any device, any browser’ wallet and updated user interface

25th September 2019, Dublin – FunFair Technologies, the market-leading decentralised casino provider, has launched a pioneering new crypto wallet and updated user interface which now supports any browser and any device. The new ERC20, non-custodial FunFair Wallet has been developed specifically to provide a seamless user experience for existing and new players gambling with FUN across its CasinoFair and Crypto Casino brands, marking a significant step forward in the name of blockchain mass adoption. Blockchain projects have so far struggled with onboarding friction due to complicated funding mechanisms, security features which differ significantly to mainstream offerings and a lack of usability on mobile devices and certain browsers. The FunFair Wallet addresses these issues with the introduction of more identifiable sign-up processes and security features, while most importantly ensuring the wallet can run on any browser and any device without the need for any third-party plug-ins or apps.

CasinoFair and Crypto Casino players will also engage with a far more immersive, social and Guaranteed Fair casino experience with an updated front-end, offering more intuitive access to their favourite casino games coupled with the most generous and varied promotions in blockchain casino. Jez San, CEO at FunFair Technologies, said: “Since launch, we’ve maintained our position as the most progressive blockchain casino provider and the launch of the bespoke FunFair Wallet and second generation platform interface will confirm this position as we strive for mass adoption.

“Onboarding has been a struggle across the wider decentralised sector but our new wallet, built specifically for use at our partner casinos, will fix this immediately with a seamless, recognisable sign-up process, straightforward security features and simple crypto funding choices.” FunFair’s first live casino brand, CasinoFair, has also relaunched its brand identity in-line with the new wallet and UI. It now features a more vibrant and progressive aesthetic which is expected to appeal to the millennial blockchain audience, while also staying true to its ‘Famous for Fairness’ foundations which underpin every aspect of its gaming experience.

About FunFair Technologies

FunFair is the leading B2B blockchain casino platform provider, changing the gaming industry for the better. Running on the blockchain, FunFair is empowering a new breed of operator with a low-cost platform, game developers with access to a vast new audience, and players with a Guaranteed Fair experience superior to anything else on the market. Its team has over 100 years of combined experience in the gaming and casino space, as well as 20 years of blockchain expertise, providing a platform to deliver the best slots, table and unique instant win games in a transparent, fair manner.

Article Produced By
Globalcoin

Independent ICO Research and Reporting on the Biggest Cryptocurrency Winners From a Top 10 Crypto News Site

https://globalcoinreport.com/funfair-technologies-launches-pioneering-wallet-solution-across-partner-brands/

TP

Neobank Juno Raises USD 3M from Polychain, Sequoia and Dragonfly

Neobank Juno Raises USD 3M from Polychain, Sequoia and Dragonfly

                                 

Juno aims to provide a high-yield account for savings

Juno, a neo banking platform that leverages decentralized digital assets to provide customers a high-yield account for savings, has announced that the completion of a USD $3 million seed round. Investors include prominent firms such as Polychain Capital and Sequoia Capital’s Surge. The platform is set to launch in select markets next year and is taking a radical approach towards creating an open and global financial system for everyone, regardless of location or income.

Banks in developed countries – including the US, Europe, Japan, and Singapore – traditionally offer between 0.01% and 0.10% interest through checking and savings accounts. This interest will be distributed daily and will fluctuate regularly.  Clients will also be able to send and receive money anywhere in the world without intermediaries and at no cost. Additionally, the company plans to introduce a debit card with a partner bank in the future. Juno is built on the Ethereum blockchain and uses Nuo protocol for its core functionality. Its main feature is to enable decentralized lending and borrowing of digital assets to earn a high yield on stablecoins such as USDC. Juno is leveraging these assets to build the next generation of global decentralized financial and banking services (DeFi).

Varun Deshpande, co-founder of Juno 

“Today, we are excited to unveil Juno – a neo banking platform that aims to provide everyone a high yield account for their savings. Our goal with Juno is to help create an open financial system for the world by providing equal opportunity and access, no matter where you are born or how much you earn. We are also delighted to partner with Polychain Capital, Sequoia Capital’s Surge and Dragonfly Capital on this journey as we build a new age banking platform from the ground up.”

Olaf Carlson-Wee, Managing Member, CIO of Polychain Capital

 “We were early supporters of decentralized finance and stablecoin systems, both of which have continued to gain meaningful traction in the market over the past couple of years. We believe Juno is well-positioned to bring decentralized finance to the mainstream with their neo banking platform for digital assets. We are particularly impressed with the team’s focus on simple user experience, unlocking liquidity using smart contracts, and their Asia first strategy.”

Juno was founded in July 2019 by Varun Deshpande, Ratnesh Ray, and Siddharth Verma after creating the Consensys-backed Nuo protocol in 2018. Using Nuo smart contracts, lenders can supply crypto assets and earn daily interest, while borrowers can instantly access credit using their digital assets as collateral. Smart contracts allow for algorithm-driven pricing, disbursals, and collections, ensuring efficiency and transparency. Nuo protocol has grown organically to USD $25 million in deposits and USD $20 million in loans disbursed, making it the most popular DeFi app in Asia. 

The founders’ past ventures also include BeeWise, an alternate credit analytics platform acquired in 2017 by Aditya Birla Money. As a serial entrepreneur, Deshpande was the co-founder and CEO of TopTalent, a high-end recruitment platform as well as AVP marketing at Topper, a Fidelity-backed edtech platform in India. He holds a degree from BITS Pilani. Ratnesh Ray graduated from IIIT Allahabad and was the head of data science at TinyOwl, a Sequoia India backed foodtech app. Prior to that, he was a software developer at Toppr, where he helped create personalized tests and social features. Siddharth Verma was part of the early team at Arista Networks where he worked on their flagship product consisting of high-density switches. He was previously a software developer at Cisco and an alum of BITS Pilani.

The seed round also saw the participation of Dragonfly Capital, Consensys Labs, Astarc Ventures, Singapore Angel Network and notable angel investors Balaji S. Srinivasan (Ex-CTO, Coinbase and General Partner, a16z), Amrish Rau, Jitendra Gupta (CEO & MD, PayU India), and Loi Luu (Founder, Kyber Network), Nitin Sharma from Incrypt, Venu Palaparthi (CCO, Dash Financial), Rajesh Chelapurath (President, Ceera Investments), Brian Ma (Founder, Divvy Homes), Sanjay Mehta from Mehta Ventures, and Prashant Malik (Creator of Apache Cassandra).

Article Produced By
Globalcoin

Independent ICO Research and Reporting on the Biggest Cryptocurrency Winners From a Top 10 Crypto News Site

https://globalcoinreport.com/neobank-juno-raises-usd-3m-from-polychain-sequoia-and-dragonfly/

 

TP

Crypto Exchange CoinField Bringing Stock and Fiat-backed Stablecoins on the XRP Ledger

Crypto Exchange CoinField Bringing Stock and Fiat-backed Stablecoins on the XRP Ledger

CoinField’s sologenic is a sophisticated ecosystem aiming to facilitate investing and trading of on-demand tokenized assets, including Stocks and ETFs from 25+ global exchanges on top of XRPL.

                              

Last Tuesday, Canadian cryptocurrency exchange CoinField revealed in a press release details

on its new project Sologenic. The innovative idea is to make stocks such as Tesla and Apple tradable on

the popular XRP ledger.

“We’re making it easy for people around the world to have access to different global stock exchanges via the blockchain.” said Bob Ras, CoinField CEO, and added “Imagine living in Tokyo and being able to trade assets from NASDAQ, HKEX, LSE, Deutsche Boerse, and major exchanges on one secure platform. This platform tokenizes stocks on the XRPL as demanded, allowing you to trade it against any cryptocurrency and spend in real-time anywhere.”

For market-making and liquidity, Sologenic deploys SOLO Coins (?), which are issued on the XRP ledger to ensure that liquidity transactions take place in a matter of seconds. They work as a dynamic bridge between crypto-assets and traditional assets by being paired directly with fiat as collateral to settle with third-party brokerage firms.

On Sologenic, users can invest, trade, and tokenize assets such as stocks, ETFs, and fiat on-demand with ultra-fast and efficient transactions in real-time. For example, a tokenized stablecoin of TSLA or USD is presented as TSLA? or USD?. These stablecoins are tradable and redeemable against XRP and SOLO on both CoinField exchange and XRPL DEX. The new tool merges the most tried and true aspects of traditional financial markets with all the efficiency benefits of cryptocurrency technology, especially the transaction

speeds of XRP.

“Ultimately, Sologenic helps the mass adoption of cryptocurrency by allowing people to invest in stocks. It’s a WIN-WIN for everyone!” – Bob Ras, CoinField CEO

SOLO will be available for trading on CoinField’s existing exchange and major global crypto exchanges. Moreover, the company announced an upcoming Decentralized XRPL Exchange. The exchange built on top of the XRP ledger enables users to trade issued tokenized assets for SOLO or XRP.

SOLO Community

Sologenic is a community-based ecosystem where users can participate in different decision making events and benefit from the SOLO Community Fund (SCF) and the SOLO Expansion Fund (SEF). Developers are encouraged to contribute to the Open Source SDKs and other decentralization initiatives. Users can voluntarily participate in multiple time-based reward programs and receive up to 20% rewards annually. SOLO holders are eligible to obtain a free Crypto Card which enables them to spend their SOLO coins instantly anywhere in the world. Cardholders will receive a monthly rebate up to 2% on the total amount spent via these cards.

Article Produced By
Bitcoin Garden

This content is brought to you by the Bitcoin Garden staff.

TP

Crypto Affairs: When Will Bitcoin’s Price Stabilize?

Crypto Affairs: When Will Bitcoin’s Price Stabilize?

                                 

Bitcoin value has been see-sawing recently, with the token hitting a new low at $7,805 last Monday

and then bouncing all the way up to rally 12.73% and reach $8805 by the end of last week on Friday. Since last week, the value of Bitcoin has dropped again, down to $7,945.12. Trading on October 16 proved too much for the cryptocurrency and we saw it slide under the mental threshold of $8,000. To many people that signifies only one thing – trouble. Bitcoin is taking the familiar roll-coaster once again. What does this mean for traders and owners? Well, they will need to adjust. As to players at online casinos, that won’t necessarily affect them as crypto casinos, rare breed as they are, usually nail down the value of all cryptocurrencies and don’t let it influence payouts. This is good news for some.

How Much of a Slide Is Too Much?

Now, the price of Bitcoin is bound to fluctuate and whether we fret over it or not – at least on day-to-day basis – we wouldn’t change that much. What we can do is focus on forecasting how the cryptocurrency will behave in the long-term. According to respected cryptocurrency journalist and analyst Michaël van der Poppe, the real question is whether is going to plummet below the $7,400-mark. The sentiment that Bitcoin can be going back after bouncing just a week ago has remained a strong sentiment. Crypto Rand, a popular trader who doesn’t shy away from Twitter and voicing his opinions – with accuracy on most occasions – has said that he would withhold on making immediate trades.

Therefore, each day moving forward would be an answer to the question whether Bitcoin is going to keep crumbling. The answer, most likely is a yes, as there are a lot of scares that now seem to weigh down the cryptocurrency. Meanwhile, the value of a number of altcoins has seen a similar move and popular cryptocurrencies such as Tron, EOS, and Binance Coin all started dropping value.

Bitcoin in Freefall? Not Quite Yet!

Bitcoin is not in freefall. Far from it, in fact. Yet, it’s interesting to note that the cryptocurrency is definitely of the volatile sort. That hasn’t stopped Karma Automotive, a manufacturer of luxury vehicles in California to begin accepting Bitcoin as a payment option. This seems to reassure some. Yet, that’s just a drop in the sea. Meanwhile, Aliant Payments has decided to pay compensation packages to employees in Bitcoin. Of course, this last bit doesn’t signal the strength of the cryptocurrency, but it’s good to see that Bitcoin is still very much part of the daily order. Going around the United States, it’s difficult not to see that Bitcoin is getting more and more attention, and there is no shame in that. Miami International Airport also saw its first Bitcoin ATM freshly delivered, which is a good reminder that Bitcoin is very far from being gone. Of course, we will have the same topic daily and even hourly – what’s Bitcoin’s value right now, and as we upgrade one news, another major change will happen.

Can Bitcoin Stave Off Libra, and Is Libra Better at All?

And while we talk Bitcoin, we should also address the elephant in the room – Libra. The cryptocurrency that’s supposed to be a game changer. Yes, a lot of people will go with Facebook’s Libra and those who are whales will definitely benefit from getting cosy with Mark Zuckerberg’s company. What about the rest? Power to the people? Was power to the people the motto behind selling private information of millions of people? Facebook’s Libra may have all the good intentions that go hand-in-hand with idealism, but the simple truth is that it cannot be trusted. For the same reason that Mark Zuckerberg didn’t stand accountable for his company’s actions when he appeared at the Congress hearing. Yes, there is some good in Libra – specifically that it will try to peg its value to FIAT currencies. Time will show. Bitcoin price will definitely know a few choppy trading days around the time Libra releases!

Article Produced By
Bitcoin Garden

This content is brought to you by the Bitcoin Garden staff.
 

TP

Climate Hoax — Only the Sun Causes Global Temperature Fluctuation

Climate Hoax

Our sun exerts control on the planets

Climate change has reached universal status of urgency

Bogus climate scientists

Only the Sun causes Global Temperature Fluctuation

Earth’s Geological History Tells the Truth

Source: Final Wakeup Call

Man-made Global Warming is a Fantasy

Don’t be afraid; Global Warming, currently ‘Climate Change’ is not true. It’s dressed up as science but it’s not science, it’s propaganda: “Global temperatures are rising, greenhouses gas emissions are destroying our atmosphere;” say the fear-mongers “there is more carbon dioxide in our atmosphere than ever before, the migration patterns of animals are changing”, and so the list goes on and on. We are simply being told lies. There is no direct evidence that links global warming with greenhouse gases. There is no scientific proof that ‘carbon dioxide’ (CO2) drives climate, it certainly hasn’t done in the past. The CO2 theory is, simply put, ingenious propaganda, pushing the idea of man-made climate change, to create a price-inflating energy policy. While the greenhouse theses have since long been refuted. Neither the ban on light bulbs, nor the gigantic subsidies for so-called renewable energy, has proven to be of any sensible value in changing this manufactured predicament. Instead of influencing climate change with taxes, governments should have dealt with the consequences of natural climate change.

The climate change propaganda is meant to form the basis of the motive for the creation of a brand-new climate tax which the people will be forced to pay. Supposedly, it will offset the excessive use of fossil fuels and the buying of plastic, etc. As government cannot stop climate change, the billions collected will grow into multi-trillion Deep State speculative bubbles. The ridiculous argument is held; paying a climate tax will free us from environmental responsibility, rocking us back into guiltless sleep-mode, being allowed to continue with our environmentally damaging habits. To achieve this ridiculous goal, the pressure will be kept on, informing us every day that the Climate Armageddon is coming.

Understand; the whole greenhouse story is a Rockefeller-initiated, false hype, just to get people to believe that we are on the road to a climate disaster. Instead, Authorities should have directed their energy into the credit markets, that have ruined our society. There has never been a meaningful debate about the causes of climate change, as there is no solution, because the sun spots from mother nature cannot be changed. That probably is the reason there has not been any meaningful debate about the causes of climate change. Weather patterns are in truth much bigger than human influence. While it is simply stated: “The emission of greenhouse gases leads to global warming”, this is in actual fact disputable. In general, the CO2 greenhouse gas theory is just an ingenious propaganda tool, to steal more and more money from the populace, while the so-called climate change fiasco has nothing to do with us, the people and our climate.

‘Greenhouse Gases are a Swindle’, is a programme that the BBC broadcasted a couple of years ago under the supervision of a prominent scientist. It went against the establishment and was taken off the air! – The sun’s spots change continuously, resulting in the cooling of the earth. In the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, two alternating currents run for a number of years in south–north, subsequently changing into a north-south direction; called el Niño (N-S) and la Niña (S-N). In the last decennia, we experienced la Niña (hot stream) and that is changing into el Niño (cold stream) around the present period of time. Furthermore, the CO2 in the Oceans does influence the climate. Be assured, it is not caused by (tail) pipe emissions alone. Let us hope that real independent scientists will keep speaking out as an antidote to the blatant, baseless lies of climate pseudo ‘specialists.’ Bear in mind that too many (financial) interests are involved; we are dealing with a veritable climate mafia.

So, man-made global warming is a fantasy, engineered by the global-warming fanatics themselves. Climate change is occurring – as it always has – and is inevitable. The same cannot be said for the unspeakably irresponsible proposals of cabal-paid scientists, whose egos have far exceeded their knowledge. What is being wished-for is not a “carbon cap and trade,” it is an “economic cap and trade.”

Our sun exerts control on all the planets

Planet Earth is five billion years old. Our sun exerts more control on all the planets than any other factor. Our climate has never stopped changing and never will. Regardless of the impacts of carbon dioxide, because one volcanic eruption puts enough material into the atmosphere to cool the planet for a decade.

Moreover, there is about 50 times as much carbon dissolved in the oceans in the form of CO2 and carbonic acid, bicarbonate and carbonate ions as exists in the atmosphere. The oceans act as an enormous carbon sponge, having “absorbed about one-third of all human-generated CO2 emissions to date.” Besides, life on Earth, without CO2 is impossible. For vegetation, animals and human beings, CO2 is an essential element, all living beings are carbon-based.

Man-made global warming crisis crusaders are now facing a new threat. Their carbon-based, anti-fossil fuel premise for alarmism is being challenged by new scientific evidence of important solar influence on the climate that can’t be blamed on us, not even with a stretch of the imagination. Not that there wasn’t lots of good evidence of these facts before. Actually, there has always been, and it has been routinely denigrated and ignored. But the Sun itself causes global warming, says Prof Larry Bell.

Climate change has reached universal status

Climate change has reached the point where there’s universal consensus. On a hot day, the average person will tell you it’s because of climate change. Then, they might say that it’ll be 60 Celsius degrees here in 75 years if we don’t do something about the climate.

It is even purported that snow will disappear in the Alps and in Aspen 50 years from now because of climate change. And everyone agrees, saying, “I know. I heard the same thing. It’s just awful”. Remember in 2002, Al Gore said in his Global Warming Promotion; By 2012 there will be no snowfall anymore and sea levels will have risen by up to 3 metres. To this day, now eight years later, nothing of his doom-mongering has come true.

The IPCC analysis of global temperatures suffers from a glaring error — namely, failure to account for “influences of low cloud cover” and how it impacts global temperatures. Natural variations in low cloud cover, which are strongly influenced by the ability of cosmic radiation to penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere due to variations in the strength of our planet’s magnetosphere, account for nearly all changes in global temperature, other researchers explain.

Why would there be no snow in the Alps and Aspen 50 years from now? What would cause that? The average person has no clue. People have been brainwashed, simply repeating thoughtlessly what is propagated on the news by the mainstream, consensus puppets. This has created today’s hysteria around climate change. People are completely sure that humans are causing the planet to warm. They will tell you that climate change is going to be the end of us. Look at the ludicrous Greta Thunberg hype, promoted through the Rockefeller institute, even a Swedish church’s tweet named the teenage climate change activist as the “successor” to Jesus Christ. This announcement, which was both lauded and criticised on Twitter, was unearthed following Thunberg’s speech at the U.N.’s Climate Action Summit in New York City on Sept. 23 -2019.

Bogus climate scientists

It is said that 97% of climate scientists think global warming is real and largely caused by humans. This 97% figure was proclaimed by an Australian blogger named John Cook in 2013. Although it is ridiculous, it has gained much popularity, like Al Gore’s 1990s fear mongering about the end of the world in 2012.

Out of hundreds of thousands of papers that have been completed on climate change, they chose 12,000 and manipulated them and subjectively interpreted parts of their abstracts to support this a priori climate religion. Many scientists whose names were used subsequently protested. A subsequent recalculation showed that less than 2% of the papers cited the scientists actually believed that mankind is mainly responsible for any global warming.

But the usual suspects in politics, the media, and the entertainment business picked up on the terms “97%” and “Scientifics.” They were repeated as a chant, and now the public assumes – based on almost nothing but repetition, brainwashing, indoctrination – that emissions of carbon dioxide is causing global warming and is of a critical danger to life on Earth, which is not true, it is nothing short of preposterous, as all living beings are carbon-based and indeed, depend on carbon. In fact, a war on carbon, equates to a war on life itself. This is the true brainteaser. This is the true question to ask. Are they waging a war on life itself?

Truth in science isn’t determined by consensus. For what it is worth, another survey was taken in 2009 among 31,000 hard scientists – physicists and chemists, not sociologists and psychologists – including 9,000 with Ph.Ds., who all explicitly stated that they believed there was no evidence of significant Global Warming.

Since the ’80s though, the establishment has been beating the drum for Global Warming. They completely omit the fact that the Earth went through a period 11.000 years ago, when it was a giant snowball. This climate change baloney didn’t come out of nowhere. The propaganda is about 40 or 50 years in the making. But back in the ’50s and ’60s, people thought the opposite. People were worried about global cooling. They thought the world was going to turn into a giant frozen, tundra-like Siberia. That was the fear then.

On the first Earth Day in 1970, Paul Ehrlich said that all the fish in the oceans would die and wash up on shore. Then, the fear became acid rain. And after that, everyone was made to worry about a hole that was going to appear in the ozone layer.

Today, people don’t even use the phrase global warming anymore. They have altered that to climate change. It’s an ongoing public relations machine. So, this promotion keeps evolving. Expect more slogans for the sheeple to fall for, lock, stock and barrel.

Only the Sun can cause Global Temperature Fluctuation.

Climate variations are mainly caused by fluctuations in the sun’s intensity. And, also caused by the gradually changing tilt of the Earth’s axis., known as the Milankovitch cycles, implicating changes in the Earth’s orbit around the sun. The solar system’s movement around the galaxy may have major, but as yet unpredictable effects on the climate. But there are other important factors too.

Volcanism is one: About 40 to 50 volcanos are spewing gigantic amounts of gas into the atmosphere at any one time – and there are many more under the oceans. As explained above with regard to ocean currents, these are vastly more important to the climate, being heat sponges, than the atmosphere. The circulation of ocean currents is critical to the climate. The atmosphere is thin and lightweight by comparison to the ocean.

The most concerning aspect about global warming is the hysteria that might discredit the very idea of science for the average man. They speak about concepts that the majority has no understanding of.

Could the planet actually start cooling soon? If so, how soon could that happen? Any geologist will explain that we’re in an interglacial period, and it’s highly likely there is going to be another genuine ice age when this interglacial period ends, just as they were predicting back in the ’70s. However, the timing is up in the air.

Earth’s Geological History Tells the Truth

Global Warming alarmists never, ever, mention the Earth’s geological history. Not even its very recent history, for example since the invention of writing. There have been large fluctuations in climate, confirmed by ice-core drilling in glaciers, sediments on the ocean floor, and tree rings.

For instance, the Roman Warm Period between roughly 250 BC and 400 AD, coincided with the rise and peak of the Roman Empire. That was followed by a serious cold snap that may have been instrumental in causing the barbarian invasions from the north, followed by the Dark Ages. Then came the Medieval Warm Period from about 950-1250. Then the Little Ice Age followed, which took place between roughly 1300 and 1850.

Since then, the planet has been gradually warming up again. Of course, over a longer period of time, it’s been warming since the last major ice age ended, 11,000 years ago.

Climate change has become a pop culture drumbeat. If you watch the Oscars, somebody will come out of the woodworks saying; “We’ve got to do something about the climate.” But no one, of course, knows what to do. All they know is that we should give the government more money to do something, anything. And all that money is obviously going to come from the taxpayers in the developed world.

So it’s basically just a giant tax swindle. Last year’s carbon taxes brought in $82 billion. That’s a big catch. And no one even knows where this money went. Don’t question it, because everybody obviously has the best of intentions. Questioning anything pertaining to this fraud, makes you a first class criminal. It is just one big money fraud!

Apart from the carbon taxes, government acquires much more control over commerce. When people buy an airline ticket, they’ve got to pay extra money to a U.N. organisation to diminish the effect they have on the lower atmosphere or whatever the hoax says, when flying through it in an airplane.

The airline takes the money and buys carbon offset credits. But no one really knows where that money goes. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is saying the world will end in 12 years if we don’t do something about climate change. She’s proposing not to fly anymore, and that electric trains across the ocean should be constructed. Guess who benefits from this nonsense?

Humans can have an effect on the planet, but not even remotely as considerably as the sun, volcanism, and other natural phenomenon. The big danger isn’t climate change, it’s the hysteria. Meanwhile, government and the insider villains manipulate it, to destroy the economy.

Unfortunately, most science funding today is done directly and indirectly through the government. By design, this entire scam has been integrated into the political process.

Climate science has been turned from a legitimate branch of knowledge into a new age religion, where heretics are persecuted. It’s become a means to centralise even more power in the State. After all, the fate of the Earth is at stake!

Climate change itself poses zero threat to the economy. But the hysteria about it is a tremendous threat. That’s a major reason why global warming is popular. Most people feel morally righteous, and that God is on their side. These things appeal to emotion, not to reason. It’s all about psychology, not science. They even maintain; ‘it’s going to be the end of life on Earth’. It is basically a small, corrupt, extremely vocal minority – manipulating the majority into the belief that we’re all going to die because the oceans are going to drown us as the Earth turns into a giant steam bath.

How much warmer can it become if we consider the historical data from the end of the last ice age, 11,000 years ago? No one knows. How much longer is it going to be before we go into another ice age? Neither is known. The real argument isn’t about earth science. It’s about political science. The Deep State that is pushing this Fake Science, creating a Fake Reality counts on the sheeple to follow them. If the masses believe the illusion, the illusion becomes reality. But if the majority of us were to awaken to the deception, the illusion would be vaporized into non-existence.

Share this important climate explanation to help reach the tipping point of mass consciousness. And Remember;

Together, we can make life better for all of us.

TP

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